Iran is heading into 2023 amid continuing protests and fraught relations with the West as it tries to entrench its regional influence and manage an ailing economy.

The number of street demonstrations in Iran has decreased in recent weeks – but they have not gone away,

defying some of the early predictions that they would fade, and yet also failing to shake the foundations of the Islamic republic.

It has now been more than 100 days since the protests erupted across Iran following the death of Mahsa Amini,

who was arrested by morality police in September for alleged non-compliance with a mandatory dress code for women.

A high death toll – foreign-based human rights organisations say more than 500 people have been killed during the unrest – has not stopped the ebb and flow of the protest movement.

Neither has a tough government crackdown, and the execution of at least two people in cases related to the protests, with the potential for more to come.

Iran is not on the verge of regime change, but the protests have fundamentally changed the relationship between the state and the population