Companies in the United States, Europe and Asia have been helping Myanmar’s military manufacture weapons used in human rights abuses, according to three former United Nations experts.

Companies from 13 countries – including France, Germany, China, India, Russia, Singapore and the United States

have been providing supplies that are “critical” to the production of weapons in Myanmar, the Special Advisory Council on Myanmar (SAC-M) said

This support includes licenses, raw materials, software, parts and components, the experts said. Software to operate these machines is being provided by companies based in France, Israel and Germany

The report (PDF) drew on a range of sources, including interviews with people associated with the Myanmar military as well as leaked budget documents from the Ministry of Defence.

It found that high precision machines manufactured by companies based in Austria, Germany, Japan, Taiwan and the US are currently being used by the Myanmar military at its weapons factories.

These automated tools have turning, milling and grinding functions and play a critical role in the manufacturing of weapons, the report said.